Similar to a situation of mountain climbing, there are hurdles and risks that may slow us down and enablers that help the team move up towards the sprint goal. You would like the team to brain storm and come up with the blockers/impediments/key drivers/risks that they foresee based on the previous sprint’s journey.

Name and Description- Mountain Climbing

Mountain Hiking

This retrospective technique uses a mountain-trekking as a metaphor. The team identifies slippery slopes (impediments), carrying a helmet, using ropes (positive factors) and risks like heavy rain and storm (threats) to brainstorm the sprint and picks areas to improve.

Imagine the team is on a mountain-hiking venture, during the mountain hiking, I. There are things like wearing helmet, using ropes that would help the team reaching the gaol., II. Few impediments like the rocks and slippery slopes that would bring the team down the mountain. III. Risks like rain or storm that can impede the team from reaching the mountain top.


Large white board or a large piece of poster paper. Three colours of sticky notes and markers.


As a facilitator, draw a large picture of a mountain hiking scene as shown above, with helmets, ropes, slippery slopes, rain and thunder. This would enable the teams to visualize the analogy. Explain that we’re going to use mountain hiking as a visual metaphor for the retrospective. The facilitator then asks the team to think of the impediments and risks that are impeding the team from reaching their sprint goal, and what are the driving forces that help the team move forward. Let the team brainstorm and think of one item each for the three categories. Use three different colours for the different categories for better visualization. Discuss the data points and come up with SMART goals.